The Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries include the former communist states from the Eastern Bloc in Europe-World War II border with the former Soviet Union and the Southeast Europe (the Balkans) including the independent states in former Yugoslavia. According to EuroVoc, the Baltic States, though former communist states, are included in the Northern Europe. Countries included CEE are Albania, Armenia, Artsakh, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Kosovo, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Transnistria, and Ukraine. I have traveled to all of CEE other than Russia, the father-land. These countries are my favorite, people here are not as rich as rest of the Europe but the most friendliest in entire Europe.
Click on any country to view my travel photos and stories.
Armenia, a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region straddling Asia and Europe, has a rich and ancient culture. More than 1,700 years ago in 301 AD, Armenia became the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as a state religion. It is a small landlocked country; mountain passes, valleys and canyons make Armenia feel much larger than it really is.
Artsakh, formerly known as Nagorno-Karabakh, is a self-proclaimed republic of the former Soviet Union, recognized by NO country in the world. It is located in the south of Caucasus region, laying between Armenia and Azerbaijan. It is located within Azerbaijan’s internationally recognized borders but run by ethnic Armenians.
Azerbaijan is a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Azerbaijan has long been called “The Land of Fire” due to the phenomena of “burning hillsides” caused by gas seeping through fissures in the earth. Azerbaijan has vast reserves of oil and subterranean natural gas. Roman records dating back 2500 years ago suggest oil extraction took place on Azerbaijan’s Absheron Peninsula.
With more than 11,000 lakes and 40% of its territory composed of misty forest, Belarus is a beautiful country in Eastern Europe. A home to friendliest locals I ever met. Until the 20th century, various empires controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire. A country where one can experiencing the history of the Soviet Union without visiting Russia.
Bulgaria is a Balkan nation with diverse terrain encompassing Black Sea coastline, a mountainous interior and rivers, including the Danube. A cultural melting pot with Greek, Slavic, Ottoman, and Persian influences, it has a rich heritage of traditional dance, music, costumes, and crafts.
The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country, nestled in the center of Europe, It is a country steeped in history, inhabited for thousands of years and is a land dotted with castles, medieval towns, beautiful mountains, ancient ruins, and world-class wineries.
Georgia is a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Georgia presents a remarkable mix of landscapes and climates, ranging from some of Europe’s highest mountain peaks to lush Black Sea resorts and the vast wine-growing valleys. Georgia is one of the oldest Christian countries, It has hundreds of churches and monasteries built on high places, in picturesque locations.
Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Over thousand years of history, since the first settlement on the territory by Celtic tribes, Hungary became part of many Empires including, Romans, Germanic Tribe, Magyars, Mongols, Ottoman Turks, Austro-Hungarian and Soviet Union. After WW-II in 1949, Hungary was declared a people’s republic and was ruled by communism. Finally, in 1989 Hungary became a democratic republic, a peaceful and prosperous nation.
Kosovo, a disputed territory in the Balkans, is a partially-recognized state in Eastern Europe, subject to a territorial dispute with the Republic of Serbia. During former Yugoslavia, Kosovo was an autonomous province of Serbia, after a lengthy and violent dispute with Serbia, Kosovo declared independence in February 2008.
Moldova, a former Soviet Republic, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. It is sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine. Moldova is one of Europe’s poorest and least visited countries. Moldova has varied terrain including forests, rocky hills and vineyards. Its wine regions are home to some of the world’s largest cellars.
North Macedonia, a Balkan nation and one of the Republic of former Yugoslavia, is a landlocked country in the Central Europe. North Macedonia is dotted with beautiful Orthodox churches, monasteries, and Ottoman mosques. The territory of the North Macedonia has a long history, rules by the Persians, Greeks, Romans, Slavic tribes, Bulgarian Empire, and Ottoman Turks before its incorporation into Yugoslavia by Tito in 1945.
Romania. a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. The country is full of historic cities with their cobblestone streets and their medieval architecture, the friendly people, and the beautiful, picturesque countryside.
Serbia, a Balkan nation and one of the Republic of former Yugoslavia, is a landlocked country in the Central Europe. It is situated on one of the major land routes from Central Europe to Turkey and further on to East Asia via Central Asia. There were seventeen Roman emperors born in the territory of today’s Serbia, and many of them left monuments and built palaces in or close to their birthplaces. Serbs are one of the most hospitable and welcoming, especially towards foreigners.
Slovakia is landlocked country in Central Europe, with high mountains in the north, low mountains in the center, hills to the west, and the Danube basin to the south. Over thousand years of history, since the first settlement on the territory by Celtic tribes, Slovakia became part of many Empires. Following the 1948 communist coup d’etat, Czechoslovakia fell into the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc and became a puppet state of the Soviet Union. Finally, in 1989, during the peaceful Velvet Revolution, Czechoslovakia became a democratic republic, that followed by separation of Slovak and Czech Republics on January 1, 1993.
Transnistria is a self-proclaimed republic of the former Soviet Union, recognized by NO other UN member country in the world. It is a breakaway state in the narrow strip of land between the river Dniester and the border of Ukraine, that is internationally recognized as part of Moldova. It is the only country still using the hammer and sickle on its flag, despite not being a socialist state. It is a territory filled with Soviet nostalgia and Communist symbols.
Ukraine, a former Soviet Republic, is an Eastern European country. It lies at the northwest end of the Black Sea, Ukraine is the second-largest country in Europe after Russia. Ukraine has been in a geographical flux, with many parts of the country contested for. Mongols Lithuanians, Poles, Cossacks, Tartars, Russians, Germans, and others all had a shot at ruling parts of Ukraine throughout history.