Destination 》Caucasus Region
I visited Caucasus Region during my five plus months backpacking trip through Central and Eastern Europe. The Caucasus is an area situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. It is home to the Greater Caucasus mountain range, which has historically been considered a natural barrier between Eastern Europe and Western Asia. This transitional region has a foothold in both Eastern Europe and Western Asia, but is generally viewed as part of modern Europe. Covered in some of the world’s most stunning alpine landscapes, Caucasus is home to Mount Elbrus, the highest mountain peak in Europe.
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Azerbaijan is a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Azerbaijan has long been called “The Land of Fire” due to the phenomena of “burning hillsides” caused by gas seeping through fissures in the earth. Azerbaijan has vast reserves of oil and subterranean natural gas. Roman records dating back 2500 years ago suggest oil extraction took place on Azerbaijan’s Absheron Peninsula.
Georgia is a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Georgia presents a remarkable mix of landscapes and climates, ranging from some of Europe’s highest mountain peaks to lush Black Sea resorts and the vast wine-growing valleys. Georgia is one of the oldest Christian countries, It has hundreds of churches and monasteries built on high places, in picturesque locations.
Armenia, a former Soviet republic lying in the Caucasus region straddling Asia and Europe, has a rich and ancient culture. More than 1,700 years ago in 301 AD, Armenia became the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as a state religion. It is a small landlocked country; mountain passes, valleys and canyons make Armenia feel much larger than it really is.
Artsakh, formerly known as Nagorno-Karabakh, is a self-proclaimed republic of the former Soviet Union, recognized by NO country in the world. It is located in the south of Caucasus region, laying between Armenia and Azerbaijan. It is located within Azerbaijan’s internationally recognized borders but run by ethnic Armenians.