Africa is a very diverse continent, it is not one country but 54 different countries, with each country, or even each part of a country having its own unique people, skin color, religion, and culture.
Africa is a massive continent with a varied climate, landscape, and wildlife. The continent spans over 8,000 km (5,000 mi) north to south and 7,500 km (4,800 mi) east to west (not including islands). Africa contains the world’s longest river, the 6,650 km long (4,100 mi) Nile River running from Burundi to Egypt, Tanzania’s Mount Kilimanjaro is the world’s tallest free-standing mountain at 5,890 m (19,340 ft). Djibouti’s Lake Assal is the second lowest point on Earth, the saltiest lake outside Antarctica, and one of the hottest places on Earth.
The continent of Africa can divide in 6 geographical regions.
North Africa: The countries that rim the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
Sahel: The desert and savanna nations that span the Sahel and southern half of the Sahara Desert.
West Africa: The tropical Atlantic coastal nations.
Central Africa: The heart of Africa.
East Africa: The nations that border the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Southern Africa: Nations at Africa’s southern tip.
So far I have traveled to only few countries in this vast continent, so no need to group into sub-region yet.
Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 6th–4th millennia BCE. Considered a cradle of civilization. Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanization, organised religion and central government.
Formerly known as Swaziland, eSwatini is one of the last absolute monarchies in the world. It is one of the smallest countries in Africa and has a well-earned reputation for friendliness in Southern Africa. It also contains several large game parks and reserves, which are sponsored by the government.
Kenya is the most powerful economy of East Africa and is also a middle income country with a fast growing middle class.
Kenya encompasses Savannah, Lakeland, the dramatic Great Rift Valley and mountain highlands. It’s also home to wildlife like lions, elephants and rhinos.
Lesotho, the Kingdom in the Sky, is a largely mountainous country with lofty altitude. Lesotho is the only country in the world to be entirely above 1000 m.
Lesotho is a beautiful, culturally rich, affordable and easily accessible from South Africa. Few days in Lesotho’s hospitable mountain lodges and trading posts will give you a fresh perspective on Southern Africa.
South Africa often referred to as the “rainbow nation” because of its multi-ethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. It is a country on the southernmost tip of the African continent, marked by several distinct ecosystems. Inland safari destination populated by big game. The Western Cape offers beaches, lush wine-lands, craggy cliffs at the Cape of Good Hope, forest and lagoons along the Garden Route.
Tunisia is a country in the Northern Africa. It is considered to be the only fully democratic sovereign state in the Arab world. Tunisia has a rich cultural history, ever since Antiquity. The Carthaginian Empire, Rome’s arch enemy, was centered in Tunisia.